The Six Geopolitical Zones In Nigeria and Their States

the six geopolitical zones in nigeria and their economic activities
the six geopolitical zones in nigeria and their economic activities

Which are the Six Geopolitical Zones in Nigeria? They are six in number.

Growing up as an average Nigerian child, I had no inkling of what geopolitical zones in Nigeria were; I mean I was occupied with going to school and doing my assignments.

But as young as a primary 1 student, I knew mummy Ify did not cook same Nigerian dish as my mum.


As I got older, I became familiar with other ethnic groups in Nigeria, alas. Mummy Ify was igbo, and although the state and capital song followed the multiplication table, that follows the aunty/uncle good morning recital, it never registered in my head.

Then, I was familiar with two tribes and felt the Hausa tribe was only seen in the north…behold the older version of me.

I know there are three major tribes in Nigeria, geopolitical zones, 36 states and capital, with 774 local government areas.

Trust me na, I must share so i can run mouth…haha, let’s go.

How Many Geo Political Zones are In Nigeria?

So tell me, how many geopolitical zones are in Nigeria? There are six (6) geopolitical zones in Nigeria.

As a Nigerian irrespective of your tribe, there is a difference in the same ethnic group. The Yorubas are under that same umbrella but differ in their tribe, same as the Igbos and Hausas.

It all happened once upon a time, before geopolitical zones in Nigeria became an upgraded solution, to building a more organized country with many different languages and all that there existed regions.

We had the northern region, southern region, and eastern region and later on, the mid western region.

This classification was not just enough considering the diversity in one country, then came General Sani Abacha, oh please let us not open the sordid history of his reign.

Despite all, he created the geopolitical zones in Nigeria that stand as the pyres to be lighted during camp fire night at the NYSC camp.

Also Read: 21 days in Nysc camp can make or break you

List of the Six Geopolitical Zones In Nigeria and Their Economic Activities

Colonialism is deeply rooted in the history of Nigeria in all of its sectors, not excluding the history of the Nigerian economy.

Last year, Nigeria was ranked 31st  largest economy when talking nominal gross domestic product (GDP).

Prior to this ranking, it had always been and is still considered the giant of Africa with its description of been a ‘middle – income’ economy.

The six geopolitical zones in Nigeria contribute to making the Nigeria economy in its different segments of agriculture, mining, transport, oil, tourism, and more.

map of the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria and their economic activities

South West Political Zone

Eyin temi bawo ni o, shey wa?..ijo ma kan yin, won ti pe yin. South west is proudly one of the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria.

This is the Yoruba influenced sect of the country, the religion practiced in this geopolitical zone include Christianity, Islamic, and Traditional.

Yoruba is the official language of south west, one of the six political zones in Nigeria. States in the South West Zone Include: 

The economic activities of south west includes farming, livestock production especially poultry.

According to the 2006 census data, south west zone, which is one of the geopolitical zones in Nigeria, has a population of 27, 722, 432 and total area of 80, 115 kmsq. One of these states – Lagos, is one of the most populated state in Nigeria.

The south west zone is arguably one of the most educated geopolitical zones in the country, with Ekiti reputed to have the highest number of professors in the country.

Did you know that the cocoa house is the first skyscraper to be built in Nigeria?

The Ikogosi warm spring, Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine, Erin Ijesha waterfall, Cocoa house, first FM radio and first private television station can be found in this zone of the country.

South South Zone

The south south is undeniably one of the geo political zones in Nigeria and is often referred to as the largest producer of oil in the country.

Also Read: The list of top 50 oil companies in Nigeria

According to the 2006 census data, the south south zone, which is one of the geopolitical zones in Nigeria, has a population of 21, 043, 970 and total area of 84, 587kmsq.

  • Akwa Ibom (Uyo).
  • Bayelsa (Yenegoa).
  • Cross River (Calabar).
  • Rivers (Port Harcourt).
  • Delta (Asaba).
  • Edo (Benin).

The south south zone states are also under the Niger Delta region as oil producing states. The economic activity of this zone includes farming, fishery, and lumbering.

The south south zone boasts of 125 local governments area in the country.

South East Region

Presently the South East Zone has no future of being excluded from the geopolitical zones in Nigeria despite history of Biafra War and agitation for separation of the Igbo people.

Igbo kwenu! This is the Igbo dominating zone of the political zones in Nigeria with total area of 29,388 kmsq.

Based on the 2006 census data, the south east zone, one of the geopolitical zones in Nigeria, has a population of 16, 395, 555.

There are 95 local government areas in this geopolitical zone in Nigeria and the Christian religion is more dominant. In this zone, most Christians are catholic or Anglicans.

Our business centered brothers and sisters are indigenes of one of the states in this geopolitical zone of the country. Economic activities of this zone include palm oil production, farming, trading.

The southeast zone shelters the Ogbunike Caves, Orashi River, Tinapa business resort, Obanliku mountain, Mary Slessor tomb, Ikom Monoliths, and Agbokim waterfalls in the country.

Also Read: Top 10 tourist attractions in Nigeria

North West Geo-Political Zone

Information based on 2006 census tells a population of 35,915,467; ranking it the most populated of the geopolitical zones in Nigeria.

  • Kano (Kano).
  • Kaduna (Kaduna).
  • Katsina (Katsina).
  • Kebbi (Birnin – Kebbi).
  • Jigawa (Dutse).
  • Sokoto (Sokoto).
  • Zamfara (Gusau).

Despite being the most populated zone in the country, it has a total area of 216, 065 kmsq; making it the third largest total area in Nigeria.

Did you know that Zamfara was the first state to introduce Sharia law in the country?

Let’s talk economic activity and livestock rearing leads the way, especially cattle…awon herdsmen.

The religion in this zone is predominantly Islam. Other economic activities include mining of natural resources like gold in Zamfara, mining of Tin in Sokoto, and farming.

Talk of Matsiriga waterfalls, Kamuku national park, Kajuru castle, and Kofar Gamji Park; look no further from this zone.

North East Zone

This is one of the geopolitical zones in Nigeria having Hausa as its common language as it consists of the Hausa, Fulani, Tiv, and more.

  • Bauchi (Bauchi).
  • Adamawa (Yola).
  • Borno (Maiduguri).
  • Taraba (Jalingo).
  • Yobe (Damaturu).
  • Gombe (Gombe).

It is the least endowed geopolitical zone with population of 18, 984, 299. Economic activities of this geopolitical zone include livestock rearing, and agriculture.

Did you know that there are 112 local government areas in the North East geopolitical zone in Nigeria?

It has the largest land mass of 262, 578 kmsq and also shelters Kamale mountain peak, Sukur world heritage site, Mambilla tourist center, and Gumpti park.

North Central Zone

This is the geopolitical zone that is often regarded as the middle belt region in the country. It is home to the seat of Nigerian President, and it has 112 local government areas in Nigeria with a total land area of 235, 118 kmsq.

It is reputed to be the most diverse section of the country. Its economic activities include farming, trading, weaving, blacksmiths, and mining.

The North Central is home to Aper aku stadium, Lord Lugard house, Salt village, Farin ruwa falls, Wildlife safari park, Shere hills, Kurra Falls, Esie museum, Maloney hill, Sobi hill, and more.

Conclusion on the Six Geopolitical Zones In Nigeria

There are six geopolitical zones in Nigeria with each zone having similarities in ethnicity and culture amongst the states, there are also 774 local governments areas spread across these zones.

Some will call it partitioning, well it is true but it does not make the other less of a Nigerian than the other.

Remember, United we stand Divided we fall.

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  1. Thanks a lot, Aurora. Very informative as usual. Please let me know how best to contact you for some further information in line with your posts.

    Thank you.

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