List of Asian Countries and Capitals

How would you feel, if a country like Maldives decided to pull out of Asia, the way Britain pull out of Europe and a call is made to Nigeria to replace them and join the list of Asian countries? Lailai, it can’t work.

the list of Asian countries - countries in Asia
Image by Giphy

There is standing way to zone countries into continent. What did you think? Well, personally I think it would be nice to shed more light on the list of Asian countries, because when most people talk of Asia, they think of two countries which are China and India.

Probably it might be because of their massive population. In this post, while we are considering the list of Asian countries, you will also get an answer this question that, if Indians are part of Asia, why are they rarely called Asian?

Asian Countries

Life is incredibly complex, because there are lots of things going on in our environment at all times.

We all know that Asia is the most populous continent in the world, and has the top wealthiest countries of the world in it.

So sit and relax for full details.

List of asian countries and population

Before I go further to name the list of Asian countries, it would be interesting to know some facts that I believe you didn’t know about this great continent.

  • Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent as it covers 30% of the earth’s land area and has a total land area of 44,579,000 square kilometers.
  • The longest river in Asia is the Yangtze River (which is 3900 miles) and it is third longest river in the world.
  • Have you heard of the Great Wall of China? It is almost 14,000 miles long wall that was built to protect them from their enemies.
  • Asia is also the home of the highest and lowest points on Earth. The highest point is known as Mount Everest which reaches an elevation 29,035 feet (8,850 meters) and the lowest point which is 1,410 feet (-395metres) known as Dead Sea.
  • Also, out of the 10 largest cities in the world by population, seven of the cities are from Asia and these cities include: Shanghai, Beijing, Istanbul, Karachi, Mumbai, Gauangzhou and Delhi.
  • Bhutan which is also among the list of Asian countries is the only country that banned the sales and production of tobacco.
  • Another funny thing about the countries in Asia is sales of canned air, due to high level of air pollution in China. Isn’t that not funny enough?
  • Also, some countries in Asia are one of the most corrupt countries of the world.

In fact, we have different types of air depending on your choice and flavored e.g. mint flavored air, chocolate flavored air, and orange flavored air. This is awkward and this should make us appreciate our dear creator who makes air readily available in nature and free for all.

  • Also, North Korea which is also on the list of Asian countries has the lowest amount of mobile phones with only 8 phones per every 100 citizens in the country. Na wa o… Is this country that poor?

Well, we will find answers to that in some of our other posts. But, you can think about the exploit of North Korea, when it comes to accumulation of nuclear weapons. For the exploit of North Korea and their dominance in world politics, they should top the list of Asian countries.

  • The least populous country in Asia is Maldives, consisting of 345,000 people and covering an area of 115 square miles. For the fact that it is small, it must not be excluded from my list of Asian countries.

Related: List of top twenty largest states in Nigeria

Tales About Countries In Asia

The name “Asian” is derived from the Assyrian word, ‘asu’ which means “east.”  Another possible explanation is that it was originally a local name given to the plains of Ephesus.

Asia is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the India Ocean to the South, and Europe to the West

Asia is the only continent that shares borders with two other continents (Africa and Europe). Check out the list of African countries.

Population of Asia Continent

The current population of Asia is 4,554,054,441. Whao! This is really amazing.  This continent is dominated by China and India which are the most populous country in the world.

Though, there are some other countries that are also large in population e.g. Pakistan, Indonesia, Japan and many more.

Just take a good look at China’s population (1,416,308,405), is it not alarming when compared to Nigeria’s population by states? Well China already made a policy of having one child which I think it is good for this country due to massive population.

You wouldn’t want the world to become unnecessarily overpopulated. Would you? Well may be some people will move to space. When we know all the countries in Asia, then we will know if truly the continent is worth this population.

Asia has a massive population and has spent decades setting itself up as a continent to handle the world’s manufacturing product. Now in terms of economy, where do most people think of living?

Well, many people tend to live in some countries in Asia e.g China and Japan. Two of the most populous country in Asia has the largest economy and they also lead the world in manufacturing of goods.

China and Japan are the 2nd and 3rd largest in the world that produces products and services which are used by people throughout the world.

Asia has many companies which have been serving multi-million customers all over the world. The population of China is big and factories hire thousands of people that only make small money.

Also Read: Must Read – 15 heroes and heroines that made a change in Africa

Most Populous Countries In Asia and Their Capitals

You need to know that a lot of things are made in China. In fact they also manufacture parts for airplanes. Hmm I just dey wonder how life would be without “Made in China” products, though some people believe that “Made in China” products are of low quality.

I’m sure some of us here wouldn’t have a phone if not for them chinko phones”, dem made in China products or should I call them tecno.

Even some of the big phones, we hold to read this particular article sef was packed in China, one of the phone families that can not be excluded from the list of Asian countries.

List of Asian countries
China’s worlds largest telescope attracting tourists

Before I go further on the list of Asian countries. Here is the list of 10 most populous countries in Asia, their capitals and population

  • China (Beijing) – 1,370,793,000
  • India (New Delhi) – 1,189,172,906
  • Indonesia (Jakarta) – 237,774,520
  • Pakistan (Islamabad) – 207,310,000
  • Bangladesh (Dhaka) – 142,319,000
  • Japan (Tokyo) – 126,475,664
  • Philippines (Manila) – 105,509,230
  • Vietnam (Hanoi) – 89,316,000
  • Iran (Tehran) – 75,330,000
  • Thailand (Bangkok) – 64,262,000.

The five smallest countries in Asia are Palestine, Brunei, Bahrain, Singapore, and Maldives.

Also Read: the top 10 richest European countries you should visit

How Many Countries Are There In Asia?

Asia, as the largest continent in the world comprises of 48 countries according to United Nations while three of these countries are considered to be transcontinental because they have part of their land technically in Europe and these countries are: (Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey).

The List of Asian Countries and Their Capitals

Remember Nigeria state and capital anthem? Abia (Umaiah), Akwa Ibom (Uyo) of a thing right? Now, here is the list of Asian countries in alphabetical order.

 Countries In Asia and Their Capitals

  1. Afghanistan (Kabul)
  2. Armenia (Yerevan)
  3. Azerbaijan (Baku)
  4. Bahrain (Manama)
  5. Bangladesh (Dhaka)
  6. Bhutan (Thimphu)
  7. Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan)
  8. Cambodia (Phnom Penh)
  9. China (Beijing)
  10. Georgia (Tbilisi)
  11. Hong Kong (City of Victoria)
  12. India (New Delhi)
  13. Indonesia (Jakarta)
  14. Iran (Tehran)
  15. Iraq (Baghdad)
  16. Israel (Jerusalem)
  17. Japan (Tokyo)
  18. Jordan (Amman)
  19. Kazakhstan (Astana)
  20. Korea, North (Pyongyang)
  21. Korea, South (Seoul)
  22. Kuwait (Kuwait City)
  23. Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek)
  24. Laos (Vientiane)
  25. Lebanon (Beirut)
  26. Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)
  27. Maldives (Male)
  28. Mongolia (Ulaanbaatar)
  29. Myanmar (Naypyidaw)
  30. Nepal (Kathmandu)
  31. Oman (Muscat)
  32. Pakistan (Islamabad)
  33. Philippines (Manila)
  34. Qatar (Doha)
  35. Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)
  36. Singapore  (Singapore)
  37. Sri Lanka (Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte)
  38. Syria (Damascus)
  39. Taiwan (Taipei)
  40. Tajikistan (Dushanbe)
  41. Thailand (Bangkok)
  42. Timor Leste (Dili)
  43. Turkey (Ankara)
  44. Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)
  45. United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi)
  46. Uzbekistan (Tashkent)
  47. Vietnam (Hanoi)
  48. Yemen (Sana’a)

Also Read: Accurate list of all countries in Europe and their capitals

Asia Map With Country Names and Capitals

I hope you now have a deep knowledge about Asian countries. Would you like to pay a visit to one of the countries Asia?

As we all know that maps exist for the entire world, continents, countries, states, cities, villages down to street. So with a map it is easier to see the distances and relationships between areas of Asia on the map.

map of asia with countries - list of asian countries

Then, this map of Asia will serve as a guide for you and with it, you can plan a trip to Asia.

Also Read: The map of Nigeria with states and the FCT

Sub Regions for All Asian Countries

Asia as a continent is so large and diverse and it is divided into sub regions which are:

  • Northern Asia
  • Central Asia
  • Middle East
  • Southern Asia
  • Eastern Asia and;
  • South Eastern.

List of Asian Countries and Capitals (Summary)

There you have it on the list of Asian countries, though there are more interesting things about Asia. Now, I think your view about Asia has been modified, since you have been able to consider the list of Asian countries.

Now here is the answer to my previous question that if Indians are part of Asia, why are they rarely called Asian?

Well, geographically India is indisputably Asian but limited human considerations sometimes will declare relationship based on features or any other thing. Indians may look different from other Asian country such as China, Japan and Southeast Asia.

India is so diverse and you can find different types of skin color but personally I think India has brownish skin color. Their skin color get darker over some time due to the presence of melanin but as for other Asian countries, they have flat face, yellowish skin and so on.

India is part of the Asia continent, though their body features are just too different. So this may be a good and primary reason for that. So what’s your view on this?

If you find this post helpful give it a like and share and don’t forget to drop your comment.

Adeola Oluwatayo
Adeola is a contributing writer at She's a graduate of the Prestigious Obafemi Awolowo University OAU. She loves finding information and sharing her knowledge with others.

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  1. India was a British Colony from 1858 to 1918, so we think of India as a part of Europe rather than a part of Asia. It is obviously part of the Asian Continent, but the lines drawn on maps determine our thinking about a country more than its geography.


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