Children’s Financial Literacy: A Guide for Parents

Teaching kids

Financial literacy is one of the most valuable skills parents can pass on to their children. It is important for young parents to create a financial environment in the family, teach their children the value of money, set financial goals and include them in the process of earning money. Knowing how to handle money from an early age helps build fundamental skills and habits that will be useful throughout life. 

Teach according to the child’s age

Financial literacy is a skill that can and should be developed from an early age. Teaching children how to handle money and understand the basics of financial management has many benefits and meaningful reasons.

From an early age, children begin to perceive and understand the importance of money. Their financial habits and attitudes towards money are formed at this stage. Developing financial skills from an early age helps children realize that money is not just objects to spend, but also has value and represents some work or effort needed to earn it.

The basics of financial literacy can be taught to children as young as 3–4 years old. At this age, they begin to understand the concepts of “payment” and “receive”. Simple money games, such as using play coins or play notes, help children understand that money needs to be exchanged for products or services.

As children get older, especially from the age of 6 or 7, they can start to learn the basics of budgeting. Parents can provide them with pocket money and teach them to plan expenses, set aside some money and make decisions about purchases. This helps children understand that money is limited and that it can be used for different purposes.

Adolescence is a critical period for the development of financial literacy. During this period, young people are faced with big financial decisions, such as choosing a university, buying their first car or planning their budget. It is therefore important to teach them the basics of financial management, including how to budget, plan and make informed decisions about consumer loans and investments. Frequently in adolescence, young people, especially those who are keen on sports, are introduced to betting. Your task is also to tell them about online financial hygiene, e.g. that only trustworthy betting sites such as can be trusted.

Teaching children and young people financial literacy is essential not only for their personal well-being, but also for building sustainable financial skills for the future. The right attitude to money and the ability to manage it from an early age will help children to achieve financial independence and success in adulthood.

Avoid these grave mistakes

There are some common mistakes parents make when educating kids and teens about financial literacy. By avoiding these missteps and creating the right environment, you will help children develop the critical financial skills they will need in life and help them become financially responsible adults.

  • Keep away from hidden financial problems.

Do not hide the reality of the family’s financial situation from the children. Be honest with your children about financial constraints or difficulties, and explain the situation in an easier way. This will help them understand that money is not always unlimited and teach them to appreciate what they have.

  • Avoid creating financial dependency.

It is important to teach children to stand financially independent and responsible. Avoid giving them too many financial incentives or giving them money uncontrollably. Help them to earn their own money and make spending decisions.

  • Try to minimize hidden costs.

One of the first steps towards developing financial literacy in children is to create an environment where financial issues are discussed openly. Teenagers need to be aware of expenses, such as interest on loans, fees, or subscription services. Explain to them that regularly tracking expenses and understanding their full cost helps them make more informed financial decisions.

  • Do not let an annoying or negative atmosphere in teaching.

Studying financial literacy should be an interesting and positive experience. Avoid irritation or criticism if children make mistakes or do not understand certain concepts. Be patient and encourage their progress.

  • Never pass up an opportunity for additional training.

Be aware of opportunities that can help children develop financial literacy. This could be in-school educational programmes, financial workshops or volunteer programmes that teach financial skills. Get involved with your children and encourage their active participation.


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